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Introductory Reflections on Scholastic Economic Thought. From the Thomistic Approach to the Franciscans.

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    • Alternate Title:
      Reflexiones introductorias sobre el pensamiento económico escolástico. Del enfoque tomista a los franciscanos.
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    • Abstract:
      This essay provides a general overview of the development of economic theories in 13th and 14th centuries in the light of the latest studies and offers new perspectives for future investigations. Scholasticism is a milestone in the history of Western philosophy as well as its contribution to scientific method and innovation. At the end of the Middle Ages, the ideal of shared norms and values clashes with the tensions of commercial transformation. In this historical framework - characterized not only by an unprecedented international trade and new financial institutions but also by a sort of proto-empiricism - the philosophical speculation tries to find a unitary "way of knowledge" between the legitimacy of individual interests and the primacy of general principles. This interdisciplinary effort is based on the innovative interpretation of theology, (natural) philosophy, Roman and Canon law such as local customary rules applied to the emergent economic issues. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Este ensayo ofrece una visión general del desarrollo de las teorías económicas en los siglos XIII y XIV a la luz de los últimos estudios y ofrece nuevas perspectivas para futuras investigaciones. La escolástica, así como su contribución al método científico y la innovación, es un hito en la historia de la filosofía occidental. A finales de la Edad Media, el ideal de normas y valores compartidos choca con las tensiones de la transformación comercial. En este marco histórico, caracterizado no sólo por un comercio internacional sin precedentes y nuevas instituciones financieras, sino también por una especie de proto-empirismo, la especulación filosófica trata de encontrar un "camino del conocimiento" unitario entre la legitimidad de los intereses individuales y la primacía de principios generales. Este esfuerzo interdisciplinario se basa en la interpretación innovadora de la teología, la filosofía (natural) y el derecho romano y canónico, así como las reglas consuetudinarias locales aplicadas a los problemas económicos emergentes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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