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CHAPTER II: THE INDIVIDUAL AND ORGANIZATION.

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    • Abstract:
      This chapter of the book "The Functions of the Executive," by Chester I. Barnard (1938), explores the "individual" in discussions of coöperation and of organizations and their functions. In a broad inquiry into the nature of organizations and their functions, or in an effort to state the elements of the executive processes in organizations, Barnard says that a first step should be to set forth the position or understanding or postulates especially concerning the man, the "individual," and the "person," and related matters. Barnard presents a description to which consistent reference is implied throughout the book. The chapter briefly covers the following subjects: the status of individuals and the properties of persons generally; the method of treating individuals and persons in this book; certain characteristics of personal behavior outside coöperative systems; and the meaning of "effectiveness" and "efficiency" in personal behavior.