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Toward a Multilevel Congruence Theory of Organization.

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    • Abstract:
      A theory of organization is proposed in which five concepts--organizational environment, managerial values, organizational structure, interpersonal and inter-group processes, and the reactions-adjustments of organization members--are linked in an open systems framework. It is hypothesized that the concepts are mutually interdependent. Congruent and predictable relations are assumed to result from reciprocal relations among the concepts. An analysis of 1,000 organization members in 20 organizations in two cultures supports the theory. Operational issues involved in testing congruence theories and in studying concepts from different levels of analysis are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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