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DISTRIBUTION COSTS AFTER THE WAR.

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    • Abstract:
      The article mentions business conditions in prewar United States, factors affecting distribution costs and price controls in wartime, and the outlook for reconversion pricing. The major factors affecting the long-run upward trend for distribution costs are management efficiency, cyclical fluctuations, competition, the pattern of social, business, and market behaviors, and government control. The principles of functional integration and transfer of functions to consumer have given mail order houses, chain stores, and supermarkets a cost advantage. Topics include data for department stores taken from the "History of Macy's of New York, 1858-1919," the effect of business cycles on expense rates and gross margins, and a prediction that postwar distribution costs will rise.