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The influence of soft and hard TQM on quality performance and patient satisfaction in health care: investigating direct and indirect effects.

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  • Author(s): Alkhaldi RZ;Alkhaldi RZ; Abdallah AB; Abdallah AB
  • Source:
    Journal of health organization and management [J Health Organ Manag] 2021 Oct 28; Vol. ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print).
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Article
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: Emerald Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 101179473 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1758-7247 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 14777266 NLM ISO Abbreviation: J Health Organ Manag
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: Bradford, West Yorkshire, England : Emerald, c2003-
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Purpose: The present study conceptualizes total quality management (TQM) in terms of soft and hard aspects and examines their effects on quality performance and patient satisfaction. The indirect effects of soft and hard TQM on patient satisfaction through quality performance are also investigated.
      Design/methodology/approach: A multi-item questionnaire was prepared to gather primary data from a sample of 312 medical employees in private hospitals in Jordan. The measurement model was evaluated for validity and reliability and determined to be acceptable. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied to test the research hypotheses.
      Findings: The results revealed that soft TQM has a strong positive effect on quality performance and patient satisfaction. Hard TQM was found to positively affect quality performance but to a lesser extent compared to soft TQM. The effect of hard TQM on patient satisfaction, meanwhile, was not significant. Quality performance positively mediated the relationship between TQM - both soft and hard - and patient satisfaction.
      Originality/value: This study is one of the first to conceptualize TQM in terms of soft and hard aspects in a health care context. It offers valuable insights for managers of private hospitals looking to enhance quality performance and patient satisfaction. The results reveal that soft TQM is the primary driver of quality performance and patient satisfaction in the health care context, which is in stark contrast to the manufacturing sector.
      (© Emerald Publishing Limited.)
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    • Contributed Indexing:
      Keywords: Hard TQM; Health care; Patient satisfaction; Quality performance; Soft TQM; Total quality management
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20211028 Date Completed: 20211029 Latest Revision: 20211029
    • Publication Date:
      20220301
    • Accession Number:
      10.1108/JHOM-10-2020-0416
    • Accession Number:
      34708997