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外国人技能実習生を活用した農業経営戦略一技能移転を通した内発的... (Chinese)

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  • Additional Information
    • Alternate Title:
      An Agricultural Business Strategy Based on the Employment of Overseas Technical Intern Trainees: The Possibility of Endogenous Development through the Transfer of Skills. (English)
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    • Abstract:
      Recently, the local inhabitants of rural communities have taken the initiative to implement movements called "new endogenous development" in cooperation with outside human resources. In addition, the employment of overseas technical intern trainees has been remarkably expanding. However, the transfer of skills and knowledge to developing countries through the medium of the Technical Intern Training Program is hardly accomplished. This article discusses the possibility of agricultural management through hiring trainees and the transfer of skills, taking Vietnamese trainees as an example. Community cooperative association X. based in the underpopulated area of Ehime Prefecture, has been actively developing a community business centered on organic agriculture. To carry out labor-intensive organic agriculture, trainees are critical for X. Moreover, by establishing its organic agriculture center in Vietnam and reemploying former trainees who have returned to their country, X has been launching a new import business and spreading organic farming methods in Vietnam. As a result of the analysis, the following findings were acquired. First, farmers can fulfill innovative agriculture and sustained regional revitalization in depopulated areas through the employment of trainees. Second, if farmers implement a succession of skills and knowledge, that possibility will increase. Third, the conditions under which farmers act on the transfer of skills are the following. They consist of a firm business strategy based on a definite management ideology, a great enthusiasm to train the younger generation, and a comprehensive understanding of the current agricultural situation in the trainee's home country. In conclusion, I would like to emphasize that improving farmers' management ability and reforming the Technical Intern Training Program to a system that fully considers the situation of the trainee's home country constitute urgent issues. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      近年, 外部人材と協働しつつ,農山村の住民が主導する 「新しい内発的発 展」 とよばれる動きがみられる。 また、外国人技能実習生の雇用も拡大してい る.しかし、 外国人技能実習制度による発展途上国への技能移転はほとんど達 成されていない. 本稿では, ベトナム人技能実習生を事例に, 技能実習生の活 用を通した農業経営と技能移転の可能性について考察する。 愛媛県に拠点のある地域協同組合 X は, 有機農業を中心としたコミュニテ イビジネスを活発に展開している。 労働集約的な有機農業を実践するため、 X にとって技能実習生は不可欠である. さらに, Xはベトナムに有機農業セ ンターを開設し、帰国した技能実習生を再雇用することにより、 新たな輸入楽 の開始だけではなく。 ベトナムにおける有機農法の普及も実現させている. 分析の結果、以下の知見が得られた。 第1に, 技能実習生の受け入れにより、 革新的な農業の実践や持続的な過疎地域の再生を実現させる可能性がある. 第 2 に、農業者が技能や知識の継承を実行した場合、その可能性は高まる。 第3 に、彼らが技能移転に向けて行動するための条件は、 ① 明確な経営理念に根ざ した経営戦略 ②次世代育成に対する強い熱意 ③ 技能実習生の母国における 農業の現状に対する理解である。 結論として、農業者の経営能力の向上と, 技能実習生の母国における情勢を 視野に入れた外国人技能実習制度への改正が火急の課題であることを強調する。 [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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